Complete 500+ words Essay on Global Warming | Causes, Effects and Solutions

A complete Essay on Global Warming for students.

Essay on Global Warming: Global warming and climate change are both terms that refer to the increasing average temperature of the earth. This is a consequence of greenhouse gas emissions in the atmosphere caused by human activities like deforestation, burning of fossil fuels, industrial processes and agricultural practices.

essay on global warming

It can be difficult to conceptualize what these abstract concepts mean for our everyday lives, but they have very real implications. If left unmitigated, global warming will continue to accelerate, leading to catastrophic consequences for humans, animals and plant life across the globe. Thankfully there are solutions that we can implement today to reduce CO2 emissions and reverse the effects of global warming. Read on to learn more about the causes, effects and solutions to global warming.

What is Global Warming?

Global warming refers to the increase in the average temperature of the earth’s surface and atmosphere. It is widely accepted that the main cause of global warming is the greenhouse effect, caused by an increase in carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases in our atmosphere. When the earth receives energy from the sun, some of it is reflected back as heat. Some of this heat is trapped by greenhouse gases, preventing it from being released back into space. This is what causes the earth’s surface to warm.

Climate Change

Climate change refers to the long-term shift in the types and distribution of weather patterns. While global warming refers to the increase in average surface temperature, climate change includes other aspects such as changes in precipitation, humidity, and sea level. It is important to note that while they are often used interchangeably, these terms are not synonymous.

While global warming has been widely acknowledged as a reality, the same cannot be said of climate change. In fact, there are still many who deny that climate change is happening at all. One reason that many people have trouble distinguishing between the two is that the term “global warming” is much more recent. “Climate change” has been used to describe the phenomenon since the 1980s, but “global warming” only became widely used after a 1988 report by the United Nations’ Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).

The Cause of Global Warming

Any shift in climate will result from changes in the amount of incoming and outgoing energy at the earth’s surface and in the atmosphere. The easiest way to increase incoming energy is to increase the surface temperature so that more of the sun’s energy is absorbed. The easiest way to increase outgoing energy is by increasing the amount of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, which will trap more energy and prevent it from escaping back into space.

causes of global warming

There is no doubt that the main cause of global warming is the increased production of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. Human activities, particularly the burning of fossil fuels, have released so much CO2 into the atmosphere that the concentration is now higher than it has been in the past 800,000 years. The graph below shows how CO2 levels have risen in the past 100 years, from 280 parts per million (ppm) to over 400 ppm.

Effects of Global Warming

There is a general consensus among scientists that the earth is warming up. Temperatures have been rising steadily since the 1970s, and these are expected to keep rising as time goes on. This means that more extreme weather patterns, like heavy rains, intense heat waves, and droughts, will become more frequent. The consequences of these changes are alarming. Increased temperatures will result in rising sea levels, landslides, droughts, and flooding. A longer growing season will result in more extensive crop production, but this might be offset by insects, weeds, and other pests that thrive in warmer temperatures.

Possible Solutions to Global Warming

There are many ways that we can prevent and mitigate the effects of global warming and climate change. Reducing greenhouse gas emissions is a crucial step in the process. This can be done by switching to renewable energy sources, promoting energy efficiency and conservation, and reducing carbon emissions from industry. There are other steps that can be taken to protect both the environment and our health. Updating infrastructure like power grids and transportation systems, as well as implementing health policies that reduce pollution, will help to reduce the effects of global warming.


The rising temperatures associated with global warming pose many threats to human and environmental health. While there are many ways to combat the effects of global warming, the most important step is to identify the cause and take action. The most important step in preventing and mitigating the effects of global warming is to identify its cause. When you understand what causes global warming, you can take steps to reduce your own carbon footprint and protect both yourself and the environment.

Also Read Essay on Air Pollution

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQs) on Global Warming:

  1. What is climate change? Is it different from global warming?

The terms climate change and global warming are often used interchangeably, but climate change broadly refers to continuous changes in average weather (eg temperature, precipitation, humidity, wind, pressure, sea temperature, etc.). Global warming is, in a narrow sense, an increase in the global average temperature of the earth.

Climate change can refer to the natural fluctuations in the Earth’s average temperature during the geological period between the ice age (the ice age known as the glacial period) and the interglacial period (the interglacial period).

However, the climate change we are currently experiencing is caused by human activity (see Question 2). Scientists have concluded that due to natural factors such as the intensity of the sun and volcanic activity, the surface of the earth should have been slightly cold in the last 50 years. Instead, increased fossil fuel burning has led to global warming-and at a much faster rate than at any point in the last 800,000 years.

2. What does global warming have to do with severe weather, like storms, heat waves, droughts, and hurricanes?

As the temperature of the earth rises, the severity and potential of storms, floods, wildfires, droughts and heat waves increase. In warmer climates, the atmosphere can collect, retain, and release more water, leading to changes in precipitation patterns. Increased rainfall helps support agriculture, but it takes the form of increasingly intense daily storms, damaging property and infrastructure and resulting in loss of life in the affected areas. 

It has become. In recent decades, the United States has experienced more heat waves and less cold waves. Since the 1960s, the length of the heat wave season has increased by more than 40 days in many cities. Today, major cities in the United States generate an average of more than six heat waves a year, but in the 1960s, an average of two heat waves a year. Global warming also leads to higher sea surface temperatures, as most of the heat trapped in the Earth’s atmosphere is absorbed by the ocean. Warm sea surface temperature promotes the formation of cyclones. Anthropogenic global warming is expected to increase hurricane precipitation, increase hurricane intensity, and increase the proportion of storms that reach category 4 or 5 levels.

It is difficult for researchers to attribute certain meteorological events to global warming. Still, climate scientists are convinced that higher global average temperatures increase the likelihood and seriousness of extreme weather events. In the United States, the number of catastrophic meteorological and climatic disasters has increased significantly in connection with floodplains and increased floodplain development.

3. If global warming is real, why is it so cold and snowy this winter? (The difference between climate and weather.)

The key to understanding the answer to this question is the difference between weather and climate. The weather is what is happening outside today, but the climate is typical of the region. It may be raining in Los Angeles today, but the climate in Los Angeles is usually dry. As the world’s average temperature rises, winters are shorter and more likely to have less snow. However, due to changes in atmospheric circulation that accompany weather patterns, there are still cold days and colder than average years.

Humidity and sub-zero temperatures must be present for snow to form. Both conditions can occur in winter, especially in areas where temperatures are well below freezing (thus, even if you increase the average temperature at that location, many winter days will still be below freezing). Therefore, global warming cannot prevent snowy winters. In fact, global warming can lead to more severe winter storms in some areas. For example, higher sea surface temperatures can cause more intense winter storms (although they can be less frequent) in places like the north-eastern United States. Scientists expect winters to be shorter on average as the world’s temperatures continue to rise, which could lead to fewer snowy days overall.

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